Blackjack History and Basic Strategy

March 23rd, 2011 by admin Leave a reply »

Most people who have gone to a casino before have probably heard or even played a game of blackjack. Many people who have not even set foot in a casino before might have heard about this game or played it with friends or at parties. Unlike many card games where players pit themselves against each other, blackjack plays you against the bank or the dealer rather than against other people seated on the same table. Its most basic rule – come as close as possible to 21 without going over – can be fun and exciting and mentally challenging as well.

The game of blackjack is one of the older games that are still in existence and played extensively throughout the world. It is not flashy or attracts much attention than other card games such as Texas Hold’em Poker, but the game does have its own following at both online and offline gaming sites at most parts of the world. With its rich history, several strategies were developed and tested throughout the years and have been used by prominent players as well as renowned blackjack teams to gain an advantage over dealers and win the game. The following gives a brief overview of the history of blackjack and how it developed over the years as well as some brief insights into the basic strategies that newbies and veterans alike can use with their game.

A Brief History of Blackjack

Blackjack is played by millions of players worldwide and continues to grow more popular as many more people learn the magic behind this amazing game. To have a full understand of what blackjack is, it would be quite helpful to know a little bit of its history and how the game was developed. However, no one really knows exactly how or when and where the game actually started but the earliest recorded histories point to France, Italy or Spain as the birthplace of this card game.

Blackjack has several elements that are quite similar to the French chemin de fer. Spain on the other hand claims that blackjack is a descendant of an old game called “One and Thirty”, while the Italians believe that blackjack evolved from two other card games called “Baccarat” and “Seven and One-Half”. The term “blackjack” however, may have come from the French term vingt-et-un which means “twenty and one” which was used in the early eighteenth century France to call a hand with a jack of spades and an ace of spades as the first two cards drawn. A special price was given to anyone who receives such a hand and was eventually called “blackjack” as an alternative to the term vingt-et-un.

The game became famous in Europe but it took another hundred years before the game reached American soil, particularly during the early 1800s when the Wild West was born. Gambling was not illegal and there were actually several licensed gambling parlors available operating in various areas across the county and was a good source of revenues for civic purposes.

Basic Strategies Blackjack

The basic rules and strategies behind blackjack changed very little over the years, although most casinos employ certain in-house rules that would increase house advantage. Unlike other card games that rely solely on blind luck, blackjack is affected by mathematical percentages and probabilities that players can utilize to their advantage to balance out or even nullify the house advantage. However, you don’t have to be a mathematical genius to succeed in this game.

For anyone who is just learning the ropes and wanting to know more about blackjack, they must first learn the basic rules on how the game is played. Bets are placed first and the dealer deals the card and each of the players at the table get two. The cards can be played face up or handled manually by the players, while the dealers can have one card facing up while the other down. Players can now decide whether to hit or hold. If your hand is too low you can hit and try not to exceed 21. On the other hand, if your cards are high enough for you, you can simply hold or stand until the dealer shows his face down card to decide who won the deal.

Knowing these basic rules, you can now employ basic strategies such as: hitting or standing; splitting pairs; playing a soft hand; doubling down on a hard or soft hand and several other strategies that increase your chance of beating the dealer. These strategies may just be basic but these fundamentals are vital to have a full understanding of how the game should be played as what past and existing master have done – which eventually led to them winning the game.

Martin Zimerman is an expert Blackjack player. For more information on Blackjack training, and how to defeat the casino’s huge edge, go to http://www.edgeof21.com.

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